EIA 2006 |
Society for Environmental Information Sciences
Environmental Informatics Archives
ISSN 1811-0231 /
ISEIS Publication Series Number P002
2006 ISEIS. All
Paper EIA06-042, Volume 4
(2006), Pages 459-464
Resources-Oriented Principle and Sustainability: Theory and Application in China
L. P. Zhang*, W. Q. Chen, Q. H. Fang, P. E. Wang, H. S. Hong and F. Bristow
State Key Laboratory for Marine Environmental Science, Environmental Science Research Center, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China. *Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
It is widely believed that resource use conflicts are the main problems and obstacles in regional sustainable development. Most development models used by regional governments are demand-oriented approaches to determine regional socio-economic development objectives. Such approaches are short-sighted, and may cause conflicts and disputes in natural resource use. How to resolve resource use conflicts? The most recommended approach is integrated natural resource management (INRM). INRM, however, is only a conceptual framework that is difficult to effectively implement. We proposed a resource-oriented principle (ROP), and applied it in regional projects of environmental planning and management in China by using resource evaluation techniques from resource and environmental economics. The ROP calls for the optimization of resource utilization and resolves resource use conflicts. Case studies of ROP application were done. It showed that ROP is an effective way to avoid mistakes in the decision-making process, and guide regional development towards sustainability.
Keywords: resource-oriented principle, sustainable development, applications, China
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