EIA 2006 |
Society for Environmental Information Sciences
Environmental Informatics Archives
ISSN 1811-0231 /
ISEIS Publication Series Number P002
2006 ISEIS. All
Paper EIA06-043, Volume 4
(2006), Pages 465-474
Progress and Prospects for Environmental Education in Iran: A Loglinear Modeling Analysis
A. Parizanganeh1, V. C. Lakhan2*, H. Jalalian1 and S. R. Ahmad2
1. Department of Geography, Zanjan University, PO Box 45195-313, Zanjan, Iran.
2. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4. *Corresponding author: email@example.com.
This research focused on the application of loglinear modeling techniques to identify the interactions and interrelationships underlying data on multiple factors influencing personal concern for the environment in Iran. Categorical survey data collected from face-to-face interviews with 723 Iranian citizens were summarized in a five-dimensional frequency table, cross-classifying the dependent variable, personal concern for the environment, with the independent variables, educational attainment, age, residential location, and gender. To select the most parsimonious model to be fitted to the data, partial and marginal association tests and backward elimination procedures were utilized. After fitting various loglinear models to the data it was decided, after examination of the significance levels, to accept the hierarchical loglinear model which included five 3-way effects.
The loglinear modeling results demonstrated that a combination of interacting factors, namely educational attainment, age, residential location and gender were responsible for influencing personal concern for the environment. While no single factor was dominant, parameter estimation of each of the effects, nevertheless, revealed that educational attainment could be ranked as the most prominent of the interacting factors. The significant interaction of educational attainment with the factors age, residential location and gender highlights the fact that highly educated Iranians of all ages and gender from both rural and urban areas have the greatest personal concern for the environment. With declines in educational attainment levels there were corresponding reductions in the percentage of respondents who were highly concerned for the environment. The finding that educational attainment has the strongest interaction with personal concern for the environment provides justification for Iranians to utilize education as the primary instrument to attain measurable progress in environmental protection and sustainable development. Since the results indicate that both men and women have almost similar personal concerns for the environment it becomes much easier to improve future prospects for full participation of all citizens to deal wisely and sustainably with environmental issues and problems.
Keywords: education, environmental concern, Iran, loglinear modeling, questionnaire survey
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